Progress in language learning – what is it and how can we measure it? How can we motivate learners to learn? So they can see the long-term benefits of learning a language. These are some of the fundamental questions facing language teachers, ever more so today with online and hybrid learning. What tools are there to help teachers? The discussion will focus on both traditional concepts of motivation and more recent developments in technology to support learning to shine a light on the complex factors which underpin the psychology of progress.